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In addition to the author, there may be other contributors to the source who should be credited, such as editors, illustrators, translators, etc.If their contributions are relevant to your research, or necessary to identify the source, include their names in your documentation.
The following is a list of optional elements that can be included in a documented source at the writer’s discretion.
City of publication: The seventh edition handbook required the city in which a publisher is located, but the eighth edition states that this is only necessary in particular instances, such as in a work published before 1900.
When the source has more than one date, it is sufficient to use the date that is most relevant to your writing.
If you’re unsure about which date to use, go with the date of the source’s original publication.
It should properly attribute any ideas, paraphrases, or direct quotations to your source, and should direct readers to the entry in the Works Cited list.
For the most part, an in-text citation is the author’s name and the page number (or just the page number, if the author is named in the sentence) in parentheses: Again, your goal is to attribute your source and provide a reference without interrupting your text.Copyright ©1995-2018 by The Writing Lab & The OWL at Purdue and Purdue University. This material may not be published, reproduced, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.Use of this site constitutes acceptance of our terms and conditions of fair use.The publisher produces or distributes the source to the public.If there is more than one publisher, and they are all are relevant to your research, list them in your citation, separated by a forward slash (/).Since pre-1900 works were usually associated with the city in which they were published, your documentation may substitute the city name for the publisher’s name.URLs: As mentioned above, while the eighth edition recommends including URLs when you cite online sources, you should always check with your instructor or editor and include URLs at their discretion.: The publisher’s name need not be included in the following sources: periodicals, works published by their author or editor, websites whose titles are the same name as their publisher, websites that make works available but do not actually publish them (such as The same source may have been published on more than one date, such as an online version of an original source.For example, a television series might have aired on a broadcast network on one date, but released on on a different date.While the handbook still describes how to cite sources, it is organized according to the process of documentation, rather than by the sources themselves.This gives writers a flexible method that is near-universally applicable.