Revolutions are the highest expression of historical change.Tags: Essay About CharacterMicroeconomics Papers TermEssay About God ExistenceExample Of A Apa Research PaperDairy Farming Business PlanArgumentative Essay Paragraph StructureEssay Writing On Cruelty To AnimalsEssay Satire Brave New WorldTopics For Essay
During such revolutions the masses enter into direct political action.
In the normal course of events politics is conducted by relatively small numbers of people representing class interests.
These comprised, among others, the Baltic States, Poland, Finland, the Ukraine, the various Caucasus States such as Georgia, Belorussia, Bessarabia, and a number of Asian States such as Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and others.
Nationalism was, therefore, a potent force within Russia and something that required a response from all socialist parties.
But, in a major revolution, such as occurred in Russia in 1917, large numbers of ordinary people throw off such inhibitions and directly participate to achieve a transfer of power.
However, it also requires a conscious and clear-headed political agency with a political programme to channel and direct this creative energy to transform society.A revolution involves a tremendous clash of class interests, as has happened at various junctures throughout human history, such as the English Revolution of 1642, the French Revolution of 1789, the Paris Commune of 1871 and then the Russian Revolutions of 1917.These are rare events that are important to understand for all those interested in human affairs, but especially Marxist revolutionaries who seek to change the world bourgeois order to a working class order that will pave the way for a classless society.But how exactly did the Bolsheviks and the working class exercise a power never-before wielded by the proletariat?What problems did they face – economic, administrative, political and military, from within and outside Russia – and how did they meet them?100 years ago, the world was shaken by the October Revolution.We rightly celebrate this heroic act as the first instance of workers’ power in history.But it was strongly linked to the Tsar and the old Imperialist order.Whilst it had held tremendous sway over the peasant masses, the experience of the First World War and the growing disapproval of the Tsar caused a significant loss of its authority.Eighty percent of the population was composed of peasants living for the most part in scattered villages with poor communications between them.To the Russian peasants, the village and surrounding fields was, for all practical purposes, their world.