Note that, if you have specific questions about how to write a research paper, you should always seek advice from your professor before you begin.
Specific requirements stated by your professor will always supersede instructions provided in these general guidelines.
The Household Survey and Census ask closed questions, and often market researchers who stop you in the street do too.
You might ask them to indicate how true for them a certain statement was felt to be, and this too can provide both a closed response, and one which can be quantified (30% of those asked said they never ate rice, while 45% said they did so regularly at least once a week... The problem with closed questions is that they limit the response the interviewee can give and do not enable them to think deeply or test their real feelings or values.
You will be familiar with many of these methods from your work and from MA, MSc or BA study already.
Interviews enable face to face discussion with human subjects.With closed questions you could even give your interviewees a small selection of possible answers from which to choose.If you do this you will be able to manage the data and quantify the responses quite easily.JLC tutors see each student as a holistic learner, paying attention to the importance of cognition as well as to the emotional aspects of learning.Academic Support Services include 1-on-1 tutoring with Professional and Peer tutors; group study sessions for particular courses by Classroom Learning Assistants (CLAs); monthly workshops on specific academic and life skills; specialized Learning Labs in math, critical reading and writing, accounting, and math; and online writing support (OWL).However, often collections of statistics and number crunching are not the answer to understanding meanings, beliefs and experience, which are better understood through qualitative data.And quantitative data, it must be remembered, are also collected in accordance with certain research vehicles and underlying research questions.This is a common approach and helps you to 'triangulate' ie to back up one set of findings from one method of data collection underpinned by one methodology, with another very different method underpinned by another methodology - for example, you might give out a questionnaire (normally quantitative) to gather statistical data about responses, and then back this up and research in more depth by interviewing (normally qualitative) selected members of your questionnaire sample.For further information see Chapter 8 of by Gina Wisker.They are actually rather difficult to design and because of the frequency of their use in all contexts in the modern world, the response rate is nearly always going to be a problem (low) unless you have ways of making people complete them and hand them in on the spot (and this of course limits your sample, how long the questionnaire can be and the kinds of questions asked).As with interviews, you can decide to use closed or open questions, and can also offer respondents multiple choice questions from which to choose the statement which most nearly describes their response to a statement or item.