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Were they afraid, or was there something in their personality that made them like that?In order to obey authority, the obeying person has to accept that it is legitimate (i.e.Following the Second World War - and in particular the Holocaust - psychologists set out to investigate the phenomenon of human obedience.
If an adult decides not to follow the rules, laws, or commands of authority, the worst possible outcome is death.
Next to that, prison, loneliness, and empty pockets are possible outcomes of being disorderly.
In his jail diary Eichmann wrote 'The orders were, for me, the highest thing in my life and I had to obey them without question' (extract quoted in The Guardian, 12 August, 1999, p. Eichmann was declared sane by six psychiatrists, he had a normal family life and observers at his trial described him as very average.
Given that there appears to be nothing particularly unusual about Eichmann, we must face the uncomfortable possibility that his behavior was the product of the social situation in which he found himself, and that under the right circumstances we may all be capable of monstrous acts.
rightful, legal) for the command to be made of them.
Adolf Eichmann was executed in 1962 for his part in organizing the Holocaust, in which six million Jewish people, as well as gypsies, communists and trade unionists were transported to death camps and murdered in Nazi Germany and surrounding countries under Nazi control.The experiment showed that obedience to authority was the norm, not the exception The self fulfillment, discipline, and honor one receives in return of being obedient makes it worth while to respect elders and obey laws.Obedience opens doors for success and a well respected life. If you pay attention to the commands of the LORD your God that I give you this day and carefully follow them, you will always be at the top, never at the bottom."( Deuteronomy -New International Version). Millions of people were killed in Nazi Germany in concentration camps but Hitler couldn't have killed them all, nor could a handful of people.What made all those people follow the orders they were given?In one of the most famous series of experiments in psychology Milgram (1963-74) demonstrated that most participants would give a helpless victim fatal electric shocks when ordered to.Milgram later ran a number of variations to the basic study, to find out more about the particular factors which might influence obedience.Eichmann was a logistical genius whose part in the Holocaust was the planning of the efficient collection, transportation and extermination of those to be killed.At his trial in 1961, Eichmann expressed surprise at being hated by Jewish people, saying that he had merely obeyed orders, and surely obeying orders could only be a good thing.Obedience is a form of social influence where an individual acts in response to a direct order from another individual, who is usually an authority figure.It is assumed that without such an order the person would not have acted in this way.