Recent outbreaks involving such items as Guatemalan raspberries, hamburger, ice cream, and cereal have raised concern over the adequacy of the current system to ensure the safety of the US food supply.The GAO, public interest groups, and several members of Congress have suggested the consolidation of the existing federal food safety structure into a single food safety agency (GAO, 1997).The food system has evolved from one that provided consumers with minimally processed basic commodities for home meal preparation to today's availability of highly processed products that are ready-to-eat or require minimal preparation.
Recent outbreaks involving such items as Guatemalan raspberries, hamburger, ice cream, and cereal have raised concern over the adequacy of the current system to ensure the safety of the US food supply.
Food safety problems that transcend The major federal agencies involved include: the Agricultural Marketing Service, the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, the Agricultural Research Service, the Cooperative State Research.
Education and Extension Service, the Economic Research Service, the Food Safety and Inspection Service, and the Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Administration of the United States Department of Agriculture; the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the Food and Drug Administration, and the National Institutes of Health of the Department of Health and Human Services; the National Marine Fisheries Service of the Department of Commerce; and the Environmental Protection Agency.
The broad introduction of refrigerated railcars and trucks, freezers, and air transport created a national and now global food Thus, the developments that have provided the American consumer with a wide array of food products have also introduced risks.
Government has attempted to address such developments by adding structures and processes without always considering their effects on other aspects of the system. For example, inspectors from multiple agencies oversee parallel and nearly identical processes in the same food processing facility.
Recently, President Clinton announced a plan to create a Joint Institute for Food Safety Research that will develop a coordinated strategy for conducting food safety research consistent with the above national initiative (Office of the President, 1998).
Essay On Food Eration And Its Effect On The Health Ged Essay Readers
The US food supply is abundant and affordable and it is acknowledged by many to pose an acceptable level of risk.
Food safety encompasses a wide spectrum of issues-not only the avoidance of foodborne pathogens, chemical toxicants, and physical hazards, but also issues such as nutrition, food quality, labeling, and education.
The system for regulating the food supply in the United States involves all levels of government from federal to local.
(See Appendix B for a 1998 Congressional Research Service analysis of several proposals.) In addition, the Institute of Food Technologists (IFT) recently developed which describes attributes of an effective food safety system (IFT, 1998).
These principles have been endorsed by 13 professional, scientific societies.