Use italics for title of a periodical, a book, a brochure or a report.
Use double quotation marks for title of an article, a chapter, or a web page.
Simply enter the details of the source you wish to cite and the generator will do the hard work for you, no registration is required!
To start referencing select the type of source you want to reference from the options below: The reference tools above are also a helpful learning tool for how to create your own citations and if used in conjunction with our related referencing guides you should be up and creating your references and in-text citations in no time at all.
Example 1a: Bergreen explained, “Louis Armstrong easily reached difficult notes, the F’s and G’s that hindered so many other trumpeters” (258).
Ap Us History Essay Rubric - Citing Essay
For help with knowing when to summarize, paraphrase, or quote your sources — or even with learning more about the differences between all three — see the OWL’s handy guide on Quoting, Paraphrasing, and Summarizing.
Three to five authors: Include all authors' last names the first time the citation is used.
If you use the same citation again within the same paragraph, use only the first last name followed by 'et al'. Six or more authors: Include only the last name of the first author followed by "et al." (Wasserstein et al., 2010) Groups Spell out the name in full the first time and abbreviate subsequent times only if abbreviation is well known.
Each superscript then refers to a numbered citation in the footnotes or endnotes. James Smith, For each author-date citation in the text, there must be a corresponding entry in the reference list under the same name and date.
Footnotes/endnotes: The first time the in-text reference is cited you must include, author's first name, author's last name, title, place of publication, publisher name, year and referenced pages. An author-date citation in running text or at the end of a block quotation consists of the last (family) name of the author, followed by the year of publication of the work in question. (Woodward 1987) (Schuman and Scott 1987) When a specific page, section, equation, or other division of the work is cited, it follows the date, preceded by a comma.